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saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

certainly, many problems will be occurred during holidays, like a traffic jam, buying /refunding tickets and so on. 

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

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01
tickets services

 

in july 2018, the civil aviation administration issued the “notice on improving the work of ticketing services for civil aviation”, requiring airlines to formulate “step rate” for discounted ticket refunding and change fees, etc. 

among the 32 airlines, a total of 23 airlines have completed the “step rate”.

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

at present, the four major airlines have completed the formulation of the “step rate”.

02
the earlier, the lower

 

on the 21st of this month, air china issued a notice stating that the “step rate” for the domestic ticket refund fee will be implemented from march 31

the rate will be adjusted to the 4 standards, that is, “30 days before the flight departure(inclusive), “30 days before flight departure (excluding) to 14 days (inclusive)“, “14 days before flight departure (excluding) to 4 hours (inclusive)“, “4 hours before flight departure”(excluding). 

 

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

 

on the same day, the official name of the southern airlines official public announcement, since march 24

 

the implementation of “step rate”, a total of 4 standards:7 days before the flight departure(inclusive); before the flight departure (excluding) to 2 days (inclusive); 2 days to 4 hours before departure (inclusive); 4 hours before departure (excluding).

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

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the airline companies said, the earlier you refund, then the lower your fees.

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

03
diversified standards

previously, four airlines, including china eastern airlines, hainan airlines, sichuan airlines, and xiamen airlines, divided “the time” into 4 standards of 7 days, 48 hours and 4 hours

 

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

© image | google

 

shenzhen airlines divided “the time” into 4 standards of 7 days, 72 hours and 4 hours. and spring airlines divided “the time” into 5 standards of 7 days, 72 hours, 24 hours and 2 hours.

 

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

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saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

saving! new standards for refunding discounted air tickets!

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

it is rather important for enterprises to apply for and protect trademarks for the purpose of building their own brands. here are four dependable strategies to protect your trademark rights from infringement.

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

1
cross-category registration

it is necessary to pay extra attention to the protection of cross-category trademark registration in order to, on the one hand, protect the trademark of core product to avoid being registered by others and on the other hand, to lay a solid foundation to the development of enterprises for the reason that it is ubiquitous for enterprises to expand cross-industry business with their development. 

 

in this case, the trademark category with same names is required.

 

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

for examples: category 29 meatware, processed fruits, and vegetables; category 30 condiments, pastry; category 31 fresh fruits and vegetables; category 32 beverages; category 33 liquor and alcoholic beverage; category 40 food processing; category 43 restaurants; category 44 nutrition and dietetics guidance.

 

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

cross-category registration can help eradicate applications with the purpose of following the trend and avoid similar or same trademarks in related commodities and services categories to protect your own enterprise brand.

 

2
cross-industry registration

this perspective is similar to the above-mentioned one and we still take the food and beverage industry as examples.

 

food and beverage industry is related to many other industries, such as  “internet” of online trading, “transportation” of order delivery and so forth.

 

hence, we can also consider the cross-industry registration application to protect our trademarks in other relevant fields.

 

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

  • internet” related industries
4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

in the era of “internet plus”, every enterprise is involved in internet and should apply for trademarks in internet category, such as category 9 computer software and application program, category 35 commercial operation, advertising chain, and online sales and category 42 computer software related services.

 

  • “transportation” related industries
4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

food and beverage industry is involved in the transportation of food raw materials, semi-finished product, and finished product. therefore, enterprises need to apply for trademarks related to the transportation industry in food and beverage industry, such as transportation, wrapping of good, storage of goods, rent of larder for frozen foods, parcel delivery and so forth.

 

3
transnational registration

 

trademark protection is regional. that is to say, the scope of trademark protection is restricted by countries and regions. 

 

applicants are supposed to apply for trademarks in local countries and regions if they want protection for their trademarks in local countries and regions. 

 

likewise, foreign enterprises have to apply for trademarks in china if they want to promote their brand in china mainland, and domestic enterprises also need to apply for trademarks in local countries and regions if they want to expand business abroad.

 

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

for instance, if you want to develop business in contracting parties of madrid agreement concerning the international registration of marks, you can register madrid trademark by submitting an application and register in several contracting parties to enjoy protection from many countries.

4
 enhancing the conspicuousness of trademark

in accordance with the stipulation of 11 from trademark law of the people’s republic of china, logos lack of conspicuousness are unqualified to be trademarked. there are millions of new trademark applications in china every year.

 

so how to make your trademark more remarkable and how to improve the conspicuousness of your trademark? 

 

enterprises can invest extra manpower, material resources, and financial resources into media to promote their trademarks, increase the exposure rate of trademarks in customers’ life and work, enhance the conspicuousness of trademark and expand popularity.

 

4 strategies for protecting trademark registration!

welcome to learn trademark and intellectual property knowledge with hacos and protect your own trademark! 

these cities are rated as the most expensive in 2019!

these cities are rated as the most expensive in 2019!

which city has the highest cost of living in the world in 2019? 

hong kong, paris and singapore are tied for first place. also in the “very expensive” cities are zurich, geneva, osaka, seoul and more. caracas, the capital of venezuela, is rated as the city with the lowest cost of living.

these cities are rated as the most expensive in 2019!

paris has come top of a ranking of the world’s most expensive cities, alongside hong kong and singapore.

it’s the first time three cities have shared the top spot in the 30-year history of the annual economist intelligence unit survey, which compares prices in 133 cities globally.

the french capital—which was ranked second most expensive last year—is the only eurozone city in the top ten.

the survey compares the cost of common items, such as bread, in 133 cities.

these cities are rated as the most expensive in 2019!

 

it then tracks whether prices have gone up or down by comparing them to the cost of living in new york, which is used as a benchmark.

report author roxana slavcheva said paris had been among the top ten most expensive cities since 2003 and was “extremely expensive” to live in.

“only alcohol, transport and tobacco offer value for money compared with other european cities,” she said.

these cities are rated as the most expensive in 2019!

the average cost of a woman’s haircut, for example, costs $119.04 in paris, compared to $73.97 in zurich and $53.46 in japanese city osaka.

“european cities tend to have the highest costs in the household, personal care, recreation and entertainment categories—with paris being a good representative in these categories—perhaps reflecting a greater premium on discretionary spending,” ms slavcheva said.

top 10 most expensive

 cities in the world

1. singapore (singapore)

1. paris (france)

1. hong kong (china)

4. zurich (switzerland)

5. geneva (switzerland)

5. osaka (japan)

7. seoul (south korea)

7. copenhagen (denmark)

7. new york(us)

10. tel aviv (israel)

10. los angeles (us)

inflation and volatile currency fluctuations helped drive changes in this year’s ranking, with places like argentina, brazil, turkey and venezuela all seeing a sharp fall in their cost of living ranking.

caracas in venezuela, where inflation neared 1,000,000% last year forcing the government to launch a new currency, was ranked the least expensive city in this year’s survey.

the price of a cup of coffee in the capital caracas doubled to 400 bolivars ($0.62) in the space of just a week last december, according to bloomberg.

damascus in syria was ranked the world’s second cheapest city.

the economist intelligence unit said a “growing number of locations” were becoming cheaper due to the impact of political or economic disruption.

top 10 cheapest 

cities in the world

1. caracas (venezuela)

2. damascus (syria)

3. tashkent (uzbekistan)

4. almaty (kazakhstan)

5. bangalore (india)

6. karachi (pakistan)

6. lagos (nigeria)

7. buenos aires (argentina)

7. chennai (india)

8. new delhi (india)

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

the porter, when we mentioned this job, the first thing that everyone thinks about is – a muscular man who is sweating like rain?!

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

hong kong version of rolla

however, the “hong kong’s most beautiful porters” recently heated by the media can definitely refresh your understanding of this profession.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

her name is zhu qianpei, and her friends call her xiao zhu. although the body does not look big, but her muscles are no less than other porters.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

and, unlike other web celebrities, she is a real porter who has been in this profession for eight years.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

last year, because of several photos taken by passers-by when she was working. 

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

xiao zhu went viral on the internet at one night and was called “hong kong version of rolla” by netizens.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

however, she herself did not show up in response. 

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

it was not until this year’s media interview that this beauty was exposed.

 

in the interview video, she is also very focused on her work, and she is pushing the shelves.

 

many people have been her fans by her face, hearty body and confidence. 

“this is a real beauty, earning by her own ability! so cool!”

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

in fact, bofere the 30-year-old xiaozhu working as a porter,she also worked as a hotel security guard, a lifeguard and officer.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

why did she

choose to be a porter?

however, the porter, who is extremely hard in the eyes of everyone, is the most self-worthing profession in the eyes of xiaozhu.

when xiaozhu was a child, she lived in meifu new village, and her father who was doing business that time loved to take her to see the daily operation of the container terminal.

later, her father’s business failed. when she graduated from middle school, she had to start working in the society and become the economic pillar of the family. at a young age, she tasted the ups and downs of society.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

until she saw an advertisement for a transport worker in a newspaper, at the thought of being able to drive around delivering goods and seeing the world freely, xiao zhu ran to apply for the job happily and has been doing for eight years.

although at the beginning, many people were puzzled by the appearance of such a beautiful woman on the construction site, some people said to her in person: “woman comes here to do what? hurry back home and cook!”

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

when i heard these words, xiaozhu never responded. “i don’t respond, it’s okay to show them with action proof.”

even in the hot summer sun, lifting up to 200 kg of goods, shuttling between the building, the road, is already a piece of cake for this beauty.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

“sweat is soaked on the back of the clothes”, such description, for xiao zhu, has become the most authentic daily.

with her own efforts and tenacity, she has won the respect of everyone in the heap of men.

bitter and sweet

after carrying the goods for a long time, the injury is also commonplace. the most common injury is the hand. her fingers have been stitched 7 stitches because of bone fracture.

this hk porter goes viral for her face?

the legs are often bumped by the cargo, and they are all bruised and blue.

as for being asked by the reporter, “do you feel hard?” xiaozhu also just smiled and replied, “in fact, there is no problem if there is sweat out.”

in the eyes of many people, she is more beautiful than many other miss hong kong. she can clearly rely on her face, but she has always insisted on her effort. she would rather take the job of injury and rely on her own hands and abilities to carry the hope of the whole family.

“i can’t fall, because nobody will support me if i fall.”

such an independent and tenacious girl, even the scar on her body, is like a gleaming medal.

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